Since ages man has been trying to stick different types of metals together for various purposes. There have been several forms of welding that were used in the past to stick metals together. However, in the recent past, several types of newer techniques have been introduced to stick different metals together. These techniques come with their own set of pros and cons.
What Do You Mean by Welding?
When you talk about welding, it basically refers to a time-tested process of sculpting pieces of different materials or fabrication with the help of high temperatures. This high temperature was used to melt the materials, normally metals, and fuse them together. It is good for you to note that sometimes even pressure can be used for the same purpose.
Welding is nothing like soldering or brazing that are lower temperature metal fusing techniques. These techniques do not melt the metals. A filler material is also used in the process of welding. As the name suggests, this material is used as a pool of molten materials that aid in the process of forming a strong bond between the base metals.
Types of Welding
In the world of metallurgy, welding has been used since ages. Blacksmiths used to perform forge welding as the only real usable technique. During the 19th century all of these techniques made way for newer and more advanced techniques such as oxyfuel welding and arc-welding that can be found at Fincon Installations. Some of the different types of welding techniques have been listed below.
- TIG – Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
- MIG – Gas Metal arc Welding (GMAW)
- Energy Beam Welding (EBW)
- Stick – Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
- Atomic Hydrogen Welding (AHW)
- Flux – Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
- Plasma Arc Welding
- Gas Tungsten-Arc Welding
Most Effecting Welding Technique
Amongst the various welding techniques, it is not simple to determine which one is the most effective of all. The best form of welding will largely depend upon the base metal and the final intended use. All of the welding techniques listed above comes with their individual pros and cons.
Many experts would say that one of the strongest types of welding techniques is stick welding. If pure strength and the thickness of the metal is considered, then stick welding technique is the strongest of them all. This technique is capable of welding cast iron and can easily work in harsh weather conditions and on dirty materials or metals. However, it is important for you to note that stick welding is the not the final choice in all cases. The MIG welding technique can also be used in case of metals with different thicknesses. On the other hand, TIG helps you get the highest quality welds when it comes to welding thin metals.
The type of welding technique you wish to use is also dependent upon the type of metal you wish to weld. Aluminum is one of the softest metals you may know about and it is unable to cope up with the high temperature of some of the welding techniques. In such cases, MIG and TIG are the best techniques to use.