Bunion Toe is a bony bump that is formed at the base of the joint of the big toe. It is formed when the
big toe pushes against the other toe. Due to the pushing out of the toe it becomes red and sore.
When people wear tight shoes, the bunions can make them worse. Bunions are the structural defect
that can be inherited or caused due to stressing the foot and medical condition such as arthritis.
A bunion is the change in the anatomy of the foot. Smaller bunions can develop on the joints of the little
toe and increase over a period of time.
Who is more likely to suffer from bunion?
Bunions are more common in women and specially people who have flat feet. There is a condition
known as adolescent bunion which occurs in girls aged between 10 to 15.
What causes bunions?
The problem of bunions run in the family. People at times inherit the faulty foot shape. The problem of
bunion worsens over time. If you wear poorly fit and tight shoes the problem of bunion might even
worsen. Bunions are also caused by the inflammatory condition known as arthritis.
A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
Soreness, redness and swelling around the big toe of the joint of your foot
Calluses or corns- These often develop when the first and the second toe develop
Intermittent or persistent pain
Restricted movement of the big toe if arthritis affects the big toe
A burning sensation
Hardened skin under the foot
Bump on the base of the affected toe
Difficulty in walking
A burning feeling
When to see a doctor
Bunions require a medical treatment; you need a doctor or someone who specializes in treating the foot
disorders. Consult a doctor if you note the following symptoms
Decreased movement of your foot or big toe
A visible bump in the big toe of your joint
Persistent foot pain or big toe
Difficulty in finding shoes that will fit perfectly
It can be an inherited problem
It could be due to a foot injury
The reason could be deformities at the time birth
Hypermobility ( a big bone of the toe that moves more than the usual)
Complications due to bunion
It can lead to various other conditions like;
Difficulty in walking
Decreased mobility in toes
Hammertoe, the abnormal joint bending leads to pressure and pain
Bursitis also known as the swelling of the fluid-filled pads that are responsible for cushioning of
the tendons, bones and muscles
Swelling and pain in the ball of the foot also known as metatarsalgia
High heels can aggravate the bunion problem and the pain. Heels are fancy but they put a lot of
pressure on your foot. When you wear high heels, it forces the toes in your shoes and that often leads to
crowding of the shoes. We all are fond of fashionable stilettoes, but you can surely save them for events
where you will be sitting for the most of your time.
If someone wears shoes that are either too narrow, too tight or too pointed are more susceptible to
bunions. Only buy the shoe if it fits perfectly when you wear it for the first time.
Inherited structural foot defect could be one of the reasons for the foot defect
When you have this inflammatory condition, it will make you more susceptible to bunions
A few approaches can help to relieve the pressure and pain from the toe joint:
Maintain a healthy weight
Take anti-inflammatory and non-steroidal drugs such as ibuprofen
Under the guidance of the doctor you must start wearing a splint at night to hold the toe
straight and ease the discomfort
Protect the bunion with a gel-filled pad or with a moleskin
Use ice-packs, warms socks, ultrasound, whirlpool and massage
Buy footwear that will fit you well. Always shop at the store where the staff can measure your
foot and help you buy an appropriate footwear.
Home remedies for bunion
Appropriately Fitting Footwear
Buy shoes that can leave enough space inside the shoe for the toes so that they can easily relieve
Get your feet measures and buy a pair of shoes that appropriately is of your size.
Also, known as orthotics it helps relieve pressure from the toe. These are available online as well.
Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce the pain.
Avoiding Activities that can lead to pain
Avoid Standing for long durations as it will apply pressure on your foot and thus lead to pain.
A bunion corrector or a bunion splint is a device that is worn to help improve the alignment of the toe in
Uses of a Bunion Corrector
A bunion corrector or a bunion bootie will help to realign the MTP joint. It supports and helps the foot bear and distribute the weight properly. Bunion correctors help prevent any kind of further damage
from the problem.
Protects the joint
It helps to protect the joint and provide relief to the foot from any kind of discomfort, pain, friction and
rawness. With a bunion corrector you can comfortably do all your daily activities.
Straighten the foot
You can realign your big toe into a proper position. You can straighten the big toe which will avoid any
kind of pressure on the MTP joint. This will help to improve the balance while you are on your foot and
will help you to walk with ease.
It helps to rehabilitate the foot
The misalignment caused in the foot can cause a lot of pain and pressure. The bunion bootie prevent the
problem from becoming worse.
Other medications for bunion
They help to relieve the swelling, particularly in the fluid filled pads that cushion the bones. A doctor can
best advise for it.
Pain Relieving Medications
Ibuprofen can help reduce swelling and pain. They are easily available over the counter.
Author Bio: Rohit Bimbrahw is currently working as the Project Manager at Home HealthCare Shoppe;
the medical supply extension of Port Coquitlam’s Wilson Pharmacy. At Home Healthcare Shoppe, we
believe that with great health and well being, anyone can live a fun and purposeful life.